Image Guided LAD ISR CTO PCI

By Sanjeev Gera


Sanjeev Gera


Sanjeev Gera1


DNB Cardiology, India1,
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Complex PCI - CTO

Image Guided LAD ISR CTO PCI

Sanjeev Gera1

DNB Cardiology, India1,

Clinical Information

Relevant Clinical History and Physical Exam

2 years old male, presented with hypertension & diabetes. Post PTCA LAD and Left Circumflex in 2018. Presented with refractory angina on exertion from 3 months. TMT positive and EjectionFraction 55%. Failed PTCA to LAD 2 months back.

Relevant Test Results Prior to Catheterization

CBC, KFT, Viral Marker, RBS, Pre ECG, Urine Iron, Chest X Ray, Echo, PTI NR, APTT

Relevant Catheterization Findings

Proximal ambiguous cap at LM Bifurcation. Long lesion, Distal Vessel normal with JCTO score 3. Collaterals getting filled by septal.

Interventional Management

Procedural Step

LMCA was hooked with XB 3.5 7F Guiding Catheter. Lesion tried to cross with fielder XT and Gaia II with support of Crusade Microcatheter, but could not be crossed due to ambiguous proximal cap. IVUS manual pullback done from Ramus to LM & transducer kept at ostium of ramus and LAD cab was observed at 5 O clock. Then another guide JL 3.5 7F hooked in LMCA as a Ping-Pong technique to poke the LAD lesion with Gaia III with support of micro catheter. After Gaia III, lesion got crossed and Gaia III wire exchange with workshorse wire. After crossing lesion sequentialpredialation was done and 2 DES were deployed.

Case Summary

The case highlights the importance of imaging in ambigeous  proximal cap in CTO intervention. IVUS guided navigation of proximal cap of LAD ISR CTO resulted in successful LAD PTCA. Other uses of IVUS in CTO IVUS guided wiring at proximal ambiguous cap / Stumpless CTOIVUS guided penetration from subintimal space.R Cart